Fig 1: Countries involved in the consortium (own elaboration)
The use of BBF can reduce resource mining, pollution and greenhouse gas emission when they replace mineral fertilisers. Moreover, they can be produced from the recovery of nutrients from fish processing and aquaculture by-products. Based on the circular economy model, the EU-funded SEA2LAND project promotes the production of large-scale fertilisers in the EU from own raw materials. This solution is expected to reduce the soil nutrient imbalance in Europe. To test the solution, the project is producing several BBFs for local crops and conditions as well as others for exporting. Eventually, the BBFs will partially replace imported nutrients for agriculture in Europe.
The basis of the project is the regional production of BBFs developing demonstration pilots that can be replicated throughout Europe, boosting local growth. The project proposes the implementation of 9 technologies in 7 cases in 6 areas representative of the fisheries sector. The technologies are being applied to different by-products, and they will produce several BBFs either for local crops and conditions, and others for exporting. Several organizations with close relationship with industrial sector and farmer sector are involved.